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MGNREGA and rural India- Sharing it while listening Modi from Delhi

Last week I was in Madhya Pradesh with Sandip and Amrendra; they are also in AKRSP (I) and working in Khadwa region. The major purpose to visit there was to understand the work done by AKRSP (I) under MGNREGA and agriculture work progress in tribal area. This note is a very quick collection of thoughts after visualizing the impact of MGNREGA in tribal area. Although MGNREGA nothing new for India and for me also and as a lay man I also knew that one can get 100 days assured employment under it as right of work; but in larger perspective how it can help for a village development that I never thought before coming here in Dangs. As in my earlier blogs, I shared the implications of distress migration on tribal community life here and our limitation to check that migration. Personally it will disturb you when you will see families are preparing for migration or when you will sit with a tribal woman and listen her experiences during migration. It is not fantasy, it is full of pain.

 

First time after coming here in Dangs I realized that yes MGNREGA is a very powerful tool to check that distress migration, to push the development interventions at village level, to ensure the children education when once families are establish, initiate work to check the soil erosion and water harvesting and so on. There is no limit under MGNREGA as popular saying is “sky has no limit”.

In MP, AKRSP (I) is working very closely with government and local Panchayat bodies for implementing MGNREGA and mainly they are focusing on natural resource management. Area where we visited, it was the same area where migration was very common and families shifted in lean season for migration. During discussion with women, they shared their past and that time one woman spoken softly “Please do not recall us that time when we preferred migration in search of bread and butter; it was horrible”.  Now after implementation of MGNREGA village land has been improved; water resource structures have been developed at village level. Trenches has been developed at steep sloppy land now water fall on hills not causes soil erosion but helps to recharge water bodies. Land which was degraded earlier is now again leveled and waste land is now used for agriculture purpose. Because now agriculture has been scale up so animal grazing in open fields has no more in practice so protected forest are secure. Families are earning substantial income at village level without doing migration so children education is also no ore in turbulence. Like this many more visible change one can observe while sitting near to a water channel recently develop after earthen work has been done in village.

That same work I was visualizing in Dangs also and then I just started exploring MGNREGA official website to get more information on that. It is wonderful website in which a huge data base has been managed at house hold level those who got work under this scheme. So I started some interesting preliminary data analysis to see the how much potential we have in Dangs under MGNREGA. I have explored three villages; one village from Dangs, Bhavandagad where we have initiated our work, one is from Khandwa region where AKRPS (I) is working, and one my own village in Uttarakhand. Average work done from in all three villages varies largely.  Here let me confirm selection of villages is random. Bhavandagad I am choosing because it is comparative well developed panchayat.

A comparative description sharing below which will clear that how much potential we have for implementation of MGNREGA in Dangs.

Families

Panchayat

Work days cumulative

Wage per day

State

197 hh

Bhavandagad

2650

64 rs per day

Gujarat

41 hh

Garsher

445

147 rs per day

Uttarakhand

98 hh

Ashapur

1572

146 per day

MP

Here I am sharing it not because I want to criticize the MGNREGA but the leaders and implementers of programme who either does not aware about programme impact or not willing to implement it. I had informal talk with many villagers in Dangs and also had discussed with families from Bhavandagad village also. I asked them do they have job guarantee card; all said yes. I asked “did they ever used that card or get work under it”. Families during discussion shared that they have worked earlier under MGNREGA but they never get full wage at right time. Payment takes s normally 4-5 months and they got only 50-60 Rs. So it demoralized them and they preferred migration over MGNREGA work. Villagers have information that it is their right to get 100 days men work under it but because no one mobilized villagers and self not one individual wants to raise voice against Pancayat leaders.

Anyways these are common issue which always prevails but now we need to search some outcome rather just criticizing existing pattern. The biggest eye opening from MP exposure was to work with government at macro and micro level and implement schemes like MGNREGA at village level for its purpose full use. Here we are planning to initiate work with 1-2 panchayats and start implementation of MGNREGA to see its impact; if piloting with those villages will get success than sure we will be able to scale up it at larger level.  Now MGNREGA II has many other clauses to initiated other interventions like goatry, raising nursery and so on which can be initiate with land less families and old women who can not do any other work. This is my basis understanding about MGNREGA and this way I am visualizing how it can serve our villages.

References link-

http://nrega.nic.in/netnrega/writereaddata/state_out/household_paid3512003001_local_1314.html

http://164.100.129.4/netnrega/writereaddata/state_out/household_paid1725003003_local_1314.html

http://nregalndc.nic.in/netnrega/writereaddata/state_out/household_paid1119003006_local_1314.html

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About Yogesh

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Discussion

One thought on “MGNREGA and rural India- Sharing it while listening Modi from Delhi

  1. Gram aamba gram PANCHAYT Dumara ajmer rajathan narega ki lists chaye pamant ki

    Posted by shersingh | August 2, 2015, 2:52 am

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