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Small is beautiful- Impact of SRI and agro center at village level

In last few days I am witness of two small but significant changes in my surrounding. The first change what I have observe was an intervention; small yet powerful intervention. So let me share two small cases for my readers-

Agro center in Vangan village

farmer being trained

First hand experience of equipment by villagers

With full support from government of Gujarat, we have established an agro center as part of development of agriculture and allied activities at the village level, So that the technological innovations could be utilized to increase the productivity of the farms and bring positive changes in agricultural practices.

Vangan is a village where we have provided mechanical equipments like reaper for crop harvesting, brush cutter for weeding, and power tiller to enhance the work productivity of farmers.

On date 16 October 2013, formal inauguration of all the tools and equipment was done by District collector, Dangs.  A village level event for demonstration of the tools and machines was organized in Vangan on the date 19th October. The major objective of village event was to educate all villagers about the agro center and train the farmers about the tools and equipments.

It may seem a very common thing for many readers after 50 years of first green revolution in India but it is still a dream for small and marginal farmers especially in tribal areas.

Need to understand why agro center

Need to understand why agro center

These equipment I have seen years back in Pantnagar but when our farmers saw these equipment and they used it in their paddy plots, first time I felt these equipment have some worth to design. That feeling was awesome to see farmers face and listen their instant feedback.

Actually in Dangs farmers harvest paddy in October but they thresh it mainly in March-April as they do not get labour at time (labor mainly do migration to other places which detail I have given in my past blog) and also because they do not cultivate any other crop in Rabi. During piloting of reaper Deveram bahi shared that the same plot which was harvested by reaper in half hour takes full day for harvesting by four manual labours.  By reaper fuel charge was only 150 Rs against 600 Rs of manual labour. These way farmers will be able to save labor charge and time also. This labor shortage is a major reason for late paddy threshing in march-April but if it will happen just after harvesting than farmers will be able to cultivate in rabi season also. Because of this, a small intervention of agro center has a huge meaning for farmers so for us. All the equipment in village will be maintained by a cooperative at village level and its member are elected by villagers. The idea is to use tools at minimum cost so poorest farmer will be also able to access it. All the maintenance and use cost will be manage by cooperative itself. Our role is to train the villagers regarding use of equipments and keep accounts efficiently.

SRI impact in Dangs and Vansada

Difference in production between SRI and traditional paddy

Difference in production between SRI and traditional paddy

Another major impact is production of paddy after intervention of SRI.  This is something eye opening for us and for farmers as well. Last year when we have initiated our intervention that time we could not calculate the data so even we knew that SRI is a change maker for farmers we could not document it properly. This year we were ready so started data calculation and compared SRI and traditional plant grain production from 1 meter square plot in a systematic manner.

We have taken following parameters in our consideration which reader can understand well from given table-

Parameters

SRI plot

Traditional plot

Farmer name

XYZ

Village name

XYZ

Data collection date

XYZ

Variety

XYZ

Plants/ meter2

16-17

40-45

Average tillers/plant

19-20

4-5

Average panicle/plant

18-19

4-5

Average panicle length (CM)

.25-26 cm

22-23 cm

Average plant height (CM)

Depends on variety

Depends on variety

Grain weight from 1*1 meter

950-1000 gm

550-600 gm

Straw weight from 1*1 meter

3 Kg

1.5 kg

Fodder production weight from 1*1 meter  by SRI method

Fodder production weight from 1*1 meter by SRI method

Fodder production from 1*1 meter  by traditional method

Fodder production from 1*1 meter by traditional method

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This data we have collected from around 20 farmers till date and our plan is to collect data from around 100 farmers to have in-depth study on SRI impact in Dangs district. Figure what I have filled in above table it is based upon my experience as I personally collected data from around 5-6 farmers.

Now not writing much just sharing few pics which I think more than enough to understand; small change in grams may not seem a big number but just calculate if in one meter square production is increasing 400 gm than in one acre land it can increase up to 16000 kg; big change indeed.

So understood why small is beautiful. sharing few more glimpses of SRI impact in Dangs.

Kamla ben is happy after seeing SRI impact

Kamla ben is happy after seeing SRI impact

SRI grain weight from 1*1  meter area

SRI grain weight from 1*1 meter area

Traditional paddy weight from 1*1 meter area

Traditional paddy weight from 1*1 meter area

I have many more pics which will prove my words, will share later with detail analysis.

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About Yogesh

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Discussion

2 thoughts on “Small is beautiful- Impact of SRI and agro center at village level

  1. Hi, Could you please give me a small description about this? Also give your contact details for SRI discussion.

    Thanks, Nemani…

    Posted by Nemani | October 28, 2013, 9:07 am
  2. Yogesh

    Pl send me details of these items of equipment as they look practical and inexpensive….pl let me know from whom they could be bought by cooperative sector …manufacturer and details of equipment and if possible the price you paid

    Well done …..it just goes to show that a little extra effort can make so much difference to our poor farmers

    How far are you from Rajkot? I guess much further than from Ahmedabad. Unfortunately I am unable to go to Ahmedabad now this trip but will instead go directly from Mauritius to Mumbai and connect the flight to Jamnagar arriving on 20th nov and stay in Jamnagar for two days and then drive by car from Jamnagar to Rajkot on 22nd nov and stay one night and then fly to Mumbai on 23rd nov at about 4.30pm

    I will be in Mumbai for the next 7 days before going to Goa on 30th nov for a conference and fly back to Mumbai on 3rd dec in the evening and will be in Mumbai for two more nights and fly back to Mauritius early morning of 6th dec

    I have given you above dates in case there is a way for you to meet me either in Rajkot or Mumbai.

    Pl acknowledge if received and hopefully you can spare time to meet me

    chandu

    Posted by Chandu Shah | October 28, 2013, 11:18 am

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