How would you assess the functioning of the National Human Rights Commission in recent years? Do you have any suggestions for the body? Discuss.
National Human Right Commission is a statuary body formed in 1992. In last two decades of functioning it has covered a long journey in many aspects
- NHRC has taken many significant cases like bonded labour issue, minority cause, tribal issues, widow cause, and suggested many reforms to governments for welfare.
- Steps for prisoner welfare have been taken to ensure better living condition in Indian jails.
- Many communal violence cases have been resolved and strong and quicker action has been taken as in cases like Godhara and Mujjafarpur communal riots.
- Perhaps biggest success is to make people aware on human right issues.
- Indian judicial system has taken help different cases and passed orders to take actions of NHRC findings.
Although many positive has been delivered but still there is lot more scope left for and its function can be improve by following changes in its body
- Young leadership is important as present NHRC headed by retired judge of SC who already crosses the age of 65.
- For investigation it need to be depend on police and regular investigative bodies which adversely affect is function. NHRC need to have own investigative body.
- Limited members, total 5 are not enough to cover number of cases. That needs to be increase and also need to get additional support in functioning.
- Separate tribunal for NHRC is very much needed to faster the judiciary process.
- Need more control in armed force related cases as many states are under ASFPA in North East.
- Its report in Parliament must get more attention and discussion.
NHRC is a model in South East Asian and developing countries but still it need to take proactive steps for welfare of larger section of society.
In your opinion, what is the best way to engage with the littorals of the Indian Ocean? Examine the strategy being followed by India in this direction. Also discuss the recent initiatives which have been taken by the new government.
Littorals of Indian Ocean has countries included India, Bangladesh, Seychelles, Maldives, Shri Lanka, and Mauritius. All these nations have respective political, economical, and strategic goals in Indian Ocean zone. This region has huge parental of trade, fishery, energy products, and minerals. Mutual engagement is depends on to understand the mutual needs in the regions which are following
- Pirates are major threat to trade in the region
- Illegal fishing, coastal duration, marine pollution
- Pretense of other nations in the region especially China is trying to influence the zone.
- Natural calamity is common in the area like cyclone and Tsunami.
- Trade promotion
To achieve these common goals India has taken many initiatives in recent past
- BIMSTEC and IORA groups has been formed t o involve the nations in economic, political, strategic, and cultural cohesion.
- Project Mausam and spice route is also in active mode to revive the old traditional relations in the region.
- To counter the piracy Indian navy has taken major steps and it secures the regional with other nations.
- To strengthen the maritime relation regular maritime practice conducted with member navies.
- To counter any natural calamity and threat of climate change India has developed systems like Tsunami information system and established in Seychelles also.
- Project Sagarmala will further help to cash the blue economy in the region.
For India Indian Ocean has huge economic and strategic importance as our maritime security and maximum share of trade depends on it. To protect and maintain the mutual relation is the priority of Indian foreign policy in the region. Emerging issues like climate change, global warming, and unconventional energy sources are areas where mutual support will be required.