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Day 22- Ques Ans

 The eastern nations have not been able to build diversified economies, despite the fact that they are most dynamic parts of the global economy, stretching from Thailand to China. What can be the possible reasons for this  Analyse.

Since ancient time period, Central Asia and Eastern Asia was hub of civilization. Age old Mesopotamia, Chinese culture, Indian Vedic period is testimony of it. For more than thousand years this region had superiority in trade and cultural. After industrial revolution which was originated in western countries Eastern countries could not pick up the race because of following reasons.

  • Innovation– IR and many innovative scientific ideas which are back bone of modern world mostly developed in western nations and Eastern countries could not pick up the race.
  • Colonial rule– for long all the Eastern countries was under rules of western countries who exploited their resources for self development.
  • Eastern Asian geographical region fall near to equatorial region so largely for long time economy was natural resource based and it could not pickup with advance technology.
  • Climatic conditions also clumsy so people were not hardy as it were the case of cold nation western countries.
  • Close competition among nations for resource use and development was less fierce in the region as it was in western countries.
  • A new idea of political rule, knowledge renascence, ambition for development which many say protestant attitude in west was somehow missing in these nations.
  • Eastern countries are in process to utilize its resources which western nations learnt exploitation long back.
  • Climatic adversities like drought, Cyclone, floods affected more eastern nations in past so every time revoke back to development took much time.

But today many argue and agree that 21st century belongs to Asia and Eastern nations will be focal point for that. Recent political development is indicating for it.

Discuss the significance of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) for India’s strategic interests. Which factors pose challenges to India’s prospects in NSG? Examine.

Indian nuclear adventure in 1973 under project Smiling Buddha was driving force behind NSG which brought that time many nations together to ensure no more expansion of nuclear weapons. Today India is willing to join this group and making hard efforts because of following reasons

  • Global acceptance of India as nuclear power.
  • India will be able to its expansion of civilian use of nuclear power
  • It will be a major step to become part of permanent member of UNSC in near future.
  • India will be able to import and export the nuclear technology and material to member countries so commercially also it is important steps.
  • It will establish India as major regional power in South East Asia region and give strategic edge over Pakistan who is also trying for it.
  • Major step ahead to join other important technology export groups like Australia Group, MTCR regime, Wassenear group and so on.
  • It will be testimony of impeccable track record of Indian on nuclear material safety and security.
  • Nuclear technology transfer from mebn=mber countries.

India at present facing certain challenges which affecting Indian aspiration to become part of NSG as

  • China is not supporting India openly because its close ties up and support for Pakistan in NSG with India.
  • India has not signed nuclear proliferation treaty {NPT} and CTBT which has seen as corner stone to become part of NSG group.
  • Countries like Australia, Canada, Japan, and other few nations need more nuclear data information sharing promises from India which India is hesitate to doing so.

India has not signed NPT and CTBT because it believes it is biased treaty but in spite of that India has maintained global standards in its nuclear programme which made India claim stronger as NSG member. It is just matter of time for India now to become member of this elite group.

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