The idea of putting small towns on the aviation map envisaged in the latest Aviation Policy will transform the face of urban planning. Critically comment.
First Aviation policy of India 2016 set the target to reach in top 3 positions in terms of total air travelers till 2019. Presently in India total 8 crore population travels by air means and Indian middle class population size is around 35 crore. So there is a huge potential to tap. By achieving this target, will lead many impacts on urban planning-
- Infrastructure improvement – green field and brown field projects will have huge potential with basic infrastructure as new industries may get interested which will boost the local economics
- Urban body’s participation– will get facilitated by it as it will set up new avenue to integrate the municipalities in infrastructure and other service related industry. It may also help to generate revenue.
- Livelihood promotion– Many Indian destinies are still unexplored by foreign and Indian tourist only because of poor connectivity. Local culture, religious places, climbing, and other adventures activities will get promoted so urban and rural link will get strong in terms of livelihood diversion.
- Healthy competition- among road, rail, and aviation transportation will increase the choices for customers and will lead connectivity for poor and middle class.
However it is just one step to improve urban planning and not enough without facilitating many other things like better infrastructure like road, electricity, water availability, better housing, and so on. Budgetary allocation is other dimension which need serious look. Integration among center, state, and municipality is other challenges to implement such projects successfully. Integration latest aviation policy with urban planning programme like Rurban clusters, AMRUT, smart city, HRIDAY, and PRADAD will need professionalism in urban planning which we lack till today.
Bihar was once educational epitome in world as Takshashila university was establish here as center of educational excellence. Today unfortunately Bihar is more known for cheating problems and topper scam in exam. Bihar is just a mirror to show the picture of deep rooted educational crisis in India which face many challenges
- Poor infrastructure– education infrastructure from primary to doctorate is highly unsatisfactory in India. It is more severe for rural and poor students as it was clear in ASER report 2015-16. Similar for research and higher education our colleges are not even in top 100 in world university list.
- Poor teacher student ratio– in primary and secondary education Indian teacher student ratio is more than 1:50. It is much more than international and education policy standards. Poor teacher focus on individual students adversely affects the education quality.
- Non detention policy- recent review committee has suggested to remove the non detention policy which give a sense of security among students for passing marks
- Teacher quality– teacher training and education is state subject so there is huge variation on both aspects. ASER research shows that Indian teachers are not highly qualified, motivated, and ideal which can guide and motivate the students.
- Administrative burden- Indian education is carried by teachers who are self engross in mid day mill work, election work, and many other state administration work so they lack focus from main task.
Many other challenges like mugging habit, parent expectation, and business in education need serious thought in new drafted education policy. Indian demographic dividend can be converted from asset to liability if focus will not be given on these aspects.