What do you understand by mega food parks? Can you identify the backward and forward linkages of food park in the economy? Also discuss their potential in creating sustainable employment opportunities.
Mega Food Parks Scheme (MFPS) was launched in 2008 whereby, the Government provides Financial Assistance up to Rs. 50 Crore to set up modern infrastructure facilities for food processing called Mega Food Parks. The basic idea being mega Food Park is
- Ensure maximum food processing and value addition on food products which is only 3-4 % in India
- Enhance technology use in post harvest food management to diversify the end consumption products
- Cluster approach for past harvesting management of food and in increase livelihood in food sector
- Increase the share of end product in total food export to international market
To maintain food parks important backward linkages are
- Sufficient raw material through local mandies and APMCs
- Grading, storage, packing, and other facilities
- Basic infrastructure and technology availability
- Skilled human resource for management
- Land and other natural resource availability
For forwarded linkages
- End product with market acceptance and as per international standards
- Linkages with vendors and customers for sale
- Facility for export in international market with proper detailed information as per standards
- E commoner and marketing
Food processing and food parks has huge opportunity for employment as
- It will increase labor participation specially women through SHGs groups
- Will help to get assure market for farm products so good price also
- Post harvesting focused so year around labor for farmers
- Additional income source for farmers in lean season
- Agri entrepreneurs and start ups promotion.
Agri process will open avenues to reduce the food wastage, increase Indian share in food processing, fortification and same time will increase the employment for youth on agriculture sector.
“In our country, democracy is not a natural sentiment that people are born with. It is an idea that has to be cultivated in an essentially unequal society.” This statement by Dr. B R Ambedkar resonates as much with the India of present as it did with India of 70 years back. Critically comment.
Democracy has such a wide connotation that it is very difficult to understand as lay man. Also it cannot be teach in classroom in perfect sense but can relish only if individual lives the ethos of democracy. Ambedkar Ji words have deep relevance even today as
- To bind India together across the states democracy ethos need to understand and live by each citizen by same zeal as accepted in Indian constitution.
- Education system has diversity in India and so ethos of democracy cannot live in class but only can understand by practical exposure
- Individual born with no Idea of nationalism or democracy, one live it as he look around. So it is the idea what we create around individual surrounding and he perceives the same so it is very important to have best democratic practices to percolate across.
However scenario has much changed since independence and today –
- Globalization and Media effect- on new ideas like information and good governance redefining the democratic values so Media also play important role today.
- Cultivating the democratic ideas today much more difficult today; just after post independence as sense of idealism and patriotism was force to take people together which is somewhat missing today.
- Leadership- in today democratic set up of India has not that idealism force and acceptance as it was just after independence.
The words are still relevant today but its implication needs different approach today as society has changed a lot and people need more proactive democracy than past.
We regularly witness news of schools and colleges banning apparels of certain kinds in their premises in the name of maintaining decency and sanctity of their institutions. How far you agree with such directives and steps? Do you feel a line has to be drawn in such cases? Examine.
Recent news to ban jeans in school for girls, mobile use in classroom, no vehicle allowed in college premises are few examples where schools and colleges put restriction on students for sake of maintaining the discipline. Such restrictions are having some importance as
- Impart professionalism– It ensures the better focus on education which is the prime attention of education institutions.
- Maintain discipline– In USA where students are bring arms in colleges have seen many violence in recent past so such restrictions are needed to maintain discipline among students.
- Control adolescent minds– Misuse of mobile and other technology is frequently used for misuse as cheating in exams or MMS cases on colleges so to avoid any embarrass situation.
- Girls safety– Girl’s safety and security many times get threaten because of dressing sense specially seen in small town colleges to ensure it dress restriction is justified.
However such restrictions on schools and college cannot be justified because
- Restrict freedom- Indian education system should be open, liberal, and need to set platform for new ideas and examples for students. Such restrictions kill all such avenues.
- Moral policing– Need to focus on students grooming and their thoughts rather putting more and more restrictions.
- Distraction force– It becomes cause of disturbance and chaos among student which results more harm than good.
- Against fundamental right under article 21 of individual on college or school premise if it is overburden among students
- Adverse affect the teacher student relationship and hinders the learning process
- Hurt Indian image as global hub of education
Limitation at tender age of student may not be the best approach as restriction does not ensure the best outcome especially when generation today need more and more space for self.