Small states are not a panacea but the case for breaking up some big states is quite compelling. Do you agree? Critically examine.
Demand for new states like Gorkhaland, Vidarbhar, Budelkhand region in UP, and many other raise the issue on this basis of local development issue. It is partially true also as small state offers
Ultra governance- as small states decisions are more related to grass root reality unlike bigger states. Ex Uttarakhand has seen significant growth after coming out from UP in 2000.
Reduce diversity- Bigger states means more and more diversity on ethnic, castes, linguistic, hill vs plain, and so on basis. Small state reduces diversity which create development challenges
Political and administrative complexity– get reduce in smaller states as bigger states politics get blame to focus on one region or city like in old AP blame was for neglecting coastal area development.
People participation- increase as states get smaller local people voice gets more and more space in state politics which basic need of democracy.
However small state is not ultimate solution because
Administrative burden- Now new AP state need to develop whole new capital; like this many administrative burdens which are economically and politically costly become challenge for new states.
Promote regionalism over nationalism– Constitution clears the states are administrative arrangement under United India. More and more state demands put regionalism over nationalism and create challenge for identity of nation.
Governance is solution not small states- As bigger states like Gujarat performing much better than many smaller states in terms of growth. So it is about governance and not about size of state which brings development.
Breaking small states demands more state center coordination, more fund demands, more administrative cost, and more center attention for new state development. So small states is not alone solution rater focus on governance will bring the development.
Enacting a Right to Health Act and setting up of an independent regulatory authority to manage and monitor the delivery of health care services are the two most important steps in the direction of universal health coverage. Comment.
Health is one of the areas which are largely neglected in Indian budget and only around 1.04% of GDP goes for it. Today 70% of total health expenditure Average Indian pays from his pocket which is a key drive to pull back to poverty trap. On this back ground recent national health policy 2015 offer health as right, need to welcome as it offers
- Health expenditure– right to health act will give a legislative backing for increase health expenditure which needs to be least 2.5-3% of Indian GDP.
- Legal guardian– RTH will ensure state as legal guardian to protect the citizen against health calamity and poor will get the maximum benefit out of it which is most vulnerable. Also it is parallel to DPSP and will make state accountable to citizens.
- Better services– it will make a way out to provide better services at three levels, monitoring of schemes like Indradhanush, standard practices across states, drug availability, and so on.
Apart from that for better services India need an independent regulatory authority to manage and monitor health delivery services which will ensure
- Accountability– will be ensured from health service and service providers to professional body and not political bosses. Tamil Nadu has one such successful model which need to implement at national level.
- Delivery– gets a big push though it looks rationally the service facility at primary secondary and territory level.
- Participation– independent body will have members from all area of expertise, community, and local bodies. It will make it close to grass root reality and practical in functioning.
Key reforms we need in health sector to ensure make it affordable, apolitical, and accessible for all as we have young population and lot to achieve under new SDG goals.
Rural income augmentation must become a policy priority in order to ensure sustainable urbanisation. Discuss.
Sustainable urbanization and smart cities are not possible without smart and sustained villages. To achieve it, key driver is sustained income for rural areas because
- Stop force migration– continue rural income from diff sources will stop the force migration which is a bigger hindrance to make our cities stable and smart. It needed to reduce burden on infrastructure which is not simply enough serve continue increasing population.
- Geographical stability– will help to pressing issues like naxal movement, ILP issues in North states, equality of tribal, SC and ST community in main development stream.
- Utilize Human resource- which is a key burden on agriculture sector.
- Gender quality- as women are key working force in rural areas so it will increase gender inclusion and finally contribute for Indian GDP.
- Reduce urban rural gap- in terms of infrastructure, life style, better facilities like health and education. It will set a road for rurban concept to reduce the urban rural gap.
- Ecological balance- a key challenge to India today will get serve by it as rural areas have less carbon foot print and also will continue supply of food and natural supply to sustain the cities.
To increase rural income many steps are already taken by various governments but it could not deliver expected result as it lack of coordination, people participation, policy effectiveness, one size fit all approach, and burden of agriculture sector. To overcome it need to focus on diverse rural income, better rural infrastructure, skill oriented education focus, gender inclusion, and connect rural with urban through Rurban concept.