Governments in few states have waived off water and electricity bills for the local people. Do you think such steps are sustainable? What could be the possible fallout? Examine.
Many social welfare measures government like waive off scheme for electricity and water can serve few purposes like
- Short term benefit to poor and marginalized section of society.
- Reduce monetary bill burden which are many times pending since many years.
However such measures are not helpful in long run because of following reasons-
- Fiscal mismanagement – No government can sustain such measure in long run without sacrifice of any other project. Recent example is Kerala which has poor financial condition now because in recent past run many popular schemes to lure public.
- Resource exploitation- waived off leads exploitation of scarce resources. India has experiences it during green revolution where free electricity led drastic reduction in ground water level for irrigation.
- More demands– such measure lead more and more waived off demand which are not possible for government and lead poor people response.
- Vote politics– such populist measures become vote agenda and many governments who should focus on empowering the community, focuses on such populist measures.
- Infrastructural burden– as delivery system need to production oriented becomes subsidy delivery oriented.
- Burden on PUSs performance – DISCOM companies are under huge loose.
Welfare governments are meant for poor and marginalized section so help can other ways also like
- Reduce the bill charges and allow to pay reduce charges
- Use of resources in better services at lower cost
- Increase the efficiency by ensuring energy efficient water motors or CFL bulb for electricity to reduce bills in long run.
Government long term focus should be to empower the people rather making them waived off seeker. Policies should be focus on this direction in long run.
What do you understand by the term ‘energy mix’? Elucidate it’s importance for India in fighting out the ensuing energy crisis.
Energy mix defines as use of different alternative sources for energy supply. As India has huge energy demand which get supply be Coal(44%),Biomass and waste(22%),Petroleum and other liquids(22%)Natural gas(7%),Nuclear (1%),Hydroelectric(3%) and other renewable (1%). Such supply of energy called energy mix. In Indian context it has huge importance to address the energy crisis as
- Limited technology resources– highly efficient technology in limited to cash any resources with minimum cost so it is needed to focus on different sources to substitute one by other. Limited use of solar energy is one example of it.
- Environmental issues– India has huge hydrological potential but because of its environmental cost is high so it is limited exploited. Similar case for thermal plants and nuclear energy also.
- Transportation– Today many Indian villages are getting energy from small hydrological projects and solar panels where energy supply from thermal and nuclear sources are not possible.
- Foreign import limitation– larger share of electricity India generates from gas also which we import from other countries. Over dependence is not strategically desirable.
- International pressure– Today global institutes like World Bank is passive to land hydrological and thermal projects but more interested in solar parks development or funding of renewable sources.
India as one of the fastest growing economy will have more and more energy demand in future, to ensure it India need to make a long run Energy mix strategy to focus in all different sources. Parallel India need to be energy smart by adopting smart electric meters, use of CFL, smart energy grids for transportation, super critical tech for thermal powers are few steps in this direction.
Fish resources form a vital component of the marine and freshwater ecosystems of India. However, in terms of tapping their actual potential, we are far behind our international competitors. Why? What policy and technological changes are required to enhance fish production?
India has a large 7500 km coastal area and network of river, ponds, and lack make it a better place for fisheries. India is second in aquaculture and third in coastal fishers. Its share to total GDP is mere 5.5%.
In spite of these Indian fisheries is not able to exploit its potential because
- Technical challenge- Indian fisher men are poor upgraded with technology. Still majority of fisherman use age old equipment for fisheries.
- Poverty-is very much crippled our fishermen to take any new initiative in fishing sector.
- Poor infrastructure– there are poor infrastructure for fisher management in post harvesting phase so lot of production get spoiled before reach in marketing.
- Irregular policies– Government has not regularity in fisheries policy for coastal and aquaculture region so it create lot of confusion for any investment.
- Limited private participation- Private sector is limited involve in fisheries because of government policy and fishermen protest in the sector.
- Poor cooperative performance- fishermen cooperative could not get success like AMUL so sporadic achievements could not lead to desired results.
To improve the scenario few important steps need to put in place
- Fishery policy- need much clarity in terms of fishing area demarcation, fishermen fights, use of technology, private involvement, credit support, and so on
- Territorial water conflict– resolution at diplomatic level is needed with Pakistan, Shri Lanka, and Bangladesh.
- Use of deep sea exploration– here India has huge potential which is yet not explored. Private participation here will bring lot more push.
- Inter waterway development– will give a great push to inland fishing area development.
- Tech use– like remote sensing, GIS, to help fishermen to locate fish resource, equipment up-gradation, post harvest storage facility at bulk level, and so on.
Blue economy is the future for world economy and fisheries is integral part of it. India need to focus on this area in integrated manner for commercial benefit with environmental conservation.