Added priority has been accorded to West Asia in India’s foreign policy. Do you agree? Analyse the geostrategic and economic significance of the region for India. What initiatives have been taken recently to impart momentum to India’s ties with West Asia?
West Asian nations has huge relevance in Indian foreign policy since independence and it grow in today context by following ways-
Border security- Indian security from terrorist outfits and external threats need to check by having active engagement with western nations specially Pakistan and Afghanistan. To safe borders and control extreme group in the West Asia, Indian needs to engage all these nations.
Energy security- Gas, petroleum, and for other energy minerals, Indian dependent on regions especially South Arabia, Iran, and other countries. Transport of sources through nations demands engagement with Afghanistan and Pak as in case of TAPI and IPI.
Business and connectivity– Chabahar port is the key to entry in Central Asia in Iran; North South corridor will also pass through the region. Large investment expected from UAE, South Arab, Oman, and Israel under Make in India and from UAE strategic oil supply has also set in deal.
Secure Indian Diaspora- Indian Diaspora is actively engage in many Middle East nations for their safety, security, and well being India need special attention in the region.
UNSC entry- India need to secure its presence in the region for future and to ensure that India need more support from these countries in Indian bid in UNSC as regional power.
In recent time India has taken many initiatives to engage west Asia
- Regular diplomat and leadership visit to engage these nations
- Institutional support and infrastructure development in Afghanistan
- Increase economic engagements under Make in India
- Infrastructure investment like in Chabahar port in Iran
- Defense and technology engagement with Isreal
- Push for old ancient cultural relations through MAUSAM project.
Indian understands the growing role of West Asia in Multi polar world and so push for better relation will serve Indian interest in long run.
There is an urgent need to envisage and formulate a National Security Policy for India. Why? Examine.
Recent attack in Pathankot has again heat up the discussion on national security policy of India. It is a standard practice adopted by many advance nations after 9/11 attack and its implementation made them more secure than past. India needs NSP urgently because
Standard set of practice- Today Indian counter attack strategy do not follow SOP and that was highly criticized during Pathankot attack. NSP will set a SOP procedure to counter any such attack in Future.
Coordination- among different intelligence bodies like RAW, Army, and IB, counter terrorism bodies like NIA, ARMY, and NSG is largely missing and it is more vigilant at crisis time. To have one set of command and clear orders at crisis time need much better coordination.
United union-state efforts- terrorism today is no more one state problem and all states are equally vulnerable. NSP needs to set as part of cooperative federalism to ensure better union state coordination for counter terrorism.
Global practice– in post 9/11 era many countries has adopted security policy at highest level and get positive results. India also needs to adopt the best global practice as it is much more vulnerable for terror attacks.
Counter emerging threat– data and information management, intercept codes, cyber security, stop internet use for radicalization, naxal movement; and so on all are emerging security challenges. To counter it a unified policy need to be at place.
Indian cities need better preparation against any security threat and for that political consensus, cooperative federalism, and inter departmental cooperation must be place to formulate a national security policy as secure borders are prerequisite for economical, social, and cultural development.
Should India support multi polar world or need to follow few nations to chase its development dreams. Critically argue with examples?
21st century is known for multi polar world where many countries are emerging as regional and global power. Indian NAM policy has set a practice to bring nations together for development rather follows any one nation. India needs to have better relation with all nations because
Economic need– today Indian trade has big share in USA and EU market but now trend is changing and Indian export is shifting to Africa, South Asia, and South America. It shows Indian economy cannot rely on one nation or region for its growth.
Emerging groups – Now nations are practicing new practices of mega trade groups like RCE, TPP, TTIA, and so on. Such groups do not follow the uni-polar theory and so to cash emerging development India also trying to be part of groups like RCEP and APEC.
Strategic need- India in recent past strongly looking for membership in important global groups and prime target is UNSC. To join that, India need support to 2/3 nations members. Such huge support is possible by better relation with all nations.
As soft nation- India has acceptability and strong credential as peaceful and natural friend in disturb Middle East. It helps India and Indian Diaspora to get accepted across the world. Recent engagement with African nations, pacific islands, and Act East policy is example of it.
India has better traditional relation with Russia and other socialistic nations and in recent time after NEP India is getting closer to USA and its allied. Similarly India is looking to Israel for technology transfer and same time holding hands with Islamic nations in Middle East. It needs diplomatic and political balance and India need to learn it quickly for better future.