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Day 53- Ques & Ans

India has traditionally been wary of mentioning Balochistan in it’s narrative of Indo-Pak relations. However, the approach appears to have changed, with the Indian Prime Minister talking openly about the alleged human rights violations in the region. How do you perceive this change? Is this the beginning of a new diplomacy? Comment.

Balochistan issue raised by Indian PM is not a radical shift as in past also it was perceived by Indian foreign policy in Indira Gandhi era and also by last UPA government. However openly raising issue from red fort has much more significant because-

  • Counter attack on Pakistan- which always raises issue of J&K is now more defensive on baluch and POK issue.
  • Human right issue- it shows India has not closed its eyes on human right issues raised in neighbor countries.
  • Internationalism- by this stroke, Baluch issue has become an international issue and which has made Pakistan more defensive.
  • Answer to Baluch leaders- who continuously looked towards India for moral support get a big boost after PM statement.
  • Shift international attention- from Kashmir to Pakistan which is important in recent time when Kashmir is unpopular because of recent riots.

Indeed this step is bold and welcoming but it may bring some trouble also for India as

  • Pakistan may again try religiously to make Kashmir an international issue again.
  • Baluch strategically location is controversial and any Indian influence may not liked by Iran, Afghanistan, and China who have self interest in the region.
  • Indian need to show unity but unfortunately political parties in India divided on the issue which may not give right signal.

India needs to focus on j&K to ensure peace, same time need to push Pakistan to keep away from Indian interest in its territory. To do that if it demands shift in foreign policy it must be done so Pakistan will get a fitting reply.

Should higher judiciary be brought under the ambit of Right to Information Act? Discuss its pros and cons.

Center information commission has ordered to courts to fall under ambit of RTI. Also Delhi High court in past gave a judgment that SC and high courts are under the ambit of RTI. Higher judiciary under RTI is important because

  • RTI as act- itself declares it coverage under its constitution and it has scope to make higher judiciary accountable.
  • Judicial secrecy- judiciary is most secretive as compare to legislative and executive in Indian system so to earn people trust, it needs to be transparent.
  • Recent debacle- regarding NJAC, existing appointment mechanism, and complain of corrupt practices has created lot of suspicion among common masses, it is judiciary responsibility to fix it.
  • Torch bearer- higher judiciary if fall under RTI, it can set an example for political parties, private sector, and others also to follow the path which is a great need.

However this step can create many problems also as

  • Over burden on judiciary- already over burden judiciary will have extra burden to perform this additional duty.
  • Difficult questions- like how to appoint any specific judge, how to reach any final judgment type of question will be very difficult to answer for judiciary.
  • Judicial independence- which is ensured by constitution may face difficult question if it fall under RTI ambit.
  • Politicization- Higher judiciary which is yet kept itself out of politics may get evolve in unnecessary political debates which is not good for India.       

Indian judiciary always known for its integrity and excellence, RTI ambit may added one more feature on its cap but CIC and judiciary need to ensure that it must not affect the judiciary performance in anyway otherwise whole purpose will get diluted.

 

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