Imposition of secularism on the people of a country who are deeply religious has led to communalism. Do you agree? Critically analyze.
Secularism and religious freedom both part of Indian constitutional values. It can be argued that secularism imposed on a country where 85% belongs to same religion have created few challenges-
- Large section of society from majority faith proposes it as universal faith and sees secularism as hypothesis.
- For an individual religion is integral identity, not secularism. So approach to religion is simpler than secularism.
- Complexity of secularism for common masses as different ideologies defines it from different perspective.
- After British Era, secularism getting imposed over India by law whereas parallel, they provoked communalism. This dichotomy has done more harm than good.
- Secularism used for conflict with age old value system in recent time which disturbs the peace.
However in India, if we see historically it is secularism and religious faith that sustained and flourished together, both are two side of same coin as many religions like Hindu, Buddhism, Jainism, and different sect originated here and later Islam, Christianity, and other sect flourished here for long together. Secularism need to groom in society, in the name of law, if it get impose as in case of Hindu code bill, Universal civil code, or by judicial decision in different cases like Babri mosque than it mere good for litigation purpose, but do harm for society.
Second largest Muslim country, with 85% majority of Hindu, cannot sustain for long as successful democracy if secularism need to impose. It needs to be part of our culture, upbringing, mutuality, and society as it was always for successful India.
Regionalism is an ideology which seeks development of a region rather central system. In India regionalism has its root in diversity based of ethnicity, language, and cultural practice. Regionalism in most of the time seen in negative light because
- Insurgency, secessionist movement based on regionalism
- Son of the soil theory has created lot of problem in North East states. Ex Nagalim movement.
- State based, caste based reservation demand, indirectly link with regionalism.
- Interstate fights like Maharashtra protest against North Indian based on regionalism.
But there examples are not enough to understand regionalism as many good delivered by regionalism
- Regional development leads to nation development- Ex green revolution success in a region benefited the whole nation.
- Regionalism movements like temple entry movement became national movement for untouchable welfare.
- New states based on regional demand and they are performing well which overall contribute for national welfare.
- Local identity need to maintain to nature own culture, tradition and that is accepted by constitution as in case of tribal community.
- Regionalism offers diversity which is base of Indian democracy.
- Regionalism brings people together for a cause like Chipko movement or save Himalaya movement in Uttarakhand.
Regionalism is good if it can be accommodative in national constitutional framework and it is one of the ways to show empowerment of citizen. To maintain the balance India has taken many steps like special status for poor states, interstate council and zonal councils to discuss regional challenges, planning at union level with state consensus as in GST.
What is ‘special category status’? How is it different from ‘special status’? What benefits do states with special category status enjoy? Discuss.
Special category status was proposed first time in India after fifth finance commission recommendation. It is based on state geographic, social economic disadvantage, and non viable state finance resources. Under special category status few key features union offer to state like
- 30% of planned expenditure for these states
- 2- SCS enjoy tax concessions like excise duty, custom duty, and other income tax concession from center.
- Center bears 90% of the state expenditure.
- Unspent money does not lapse and gets carry forward.
At present total 11 states are enjoying Special category status, 7 states for North East, Sikkim, Himanchal Pradesh, and Jammu & Kashmir. Special status is only available to J&K through constitutional means which allow it, to have own constitution and limited different legislative procedures. Special package is also emerging in recent time is different from both, under it, center does not assure same benefits as SCS but support in different manner as in case of Andhra Pradesh. In recent period many states are demanding for SCS like Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha, and Andhra Pradesh but it was rejected respectively. After 14th FC recommendations, 42% devolution to states has been accepted so FC and union both has denied allowing more states under SCS condition. Although it may not be possible to allow more SPS to states but provision for development of backward states like Andhra need to make and for that special package is need of hour.