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Day 66-Ques Ans

The recent stalemate in the Rajya Sabha over crucial bills has given impetus to a thought that important bills should be converted into money bills so that their legislation doesn’t require the approval of the Rajya Sabha. What are your views on this issue? Also discuss the constitutional provisions in this regard.

Recently Government has passed Adhar bill as money bill. Again opposition demand to present GST as ordinary bill and not money bill is fueling the debate on passing bills through money bill route.   It is not the healthy sign in Indian democracy because

  • It will not help to strengthen the parliamentary system where upper house is integrated part and has constitutional right to debate on all important bills except money bill.
  • It will become a practice to bypass the criticism, listening state views through upper house, and will make upper house a show peace in parliamentary system.
  • The whole parliamentary system may be vulnerable for judicial review as money bill can be classified under specific seven conditions only by speaker.
  • It will be a cause for tussle between ruling party and opposition at union and state level which will ultimately harm the essence of competitive federalism.
  • It will harm the authority of legislative post like president which need to give prior acceptance and speaker he/she is the final authority to certify the bill as money bill.

Indian constitution under article 110 allow, Speaker to certify the bill fall under money bill or not and his/her decision is final in this regard. But same time constitution mentioned seven criteria to decide the bill as money bill or not so any bill cannot fall under money bill by logic.

Debate and discussion is part of parliamentary process and that should not be avoided, same time upper house also needs to play constructive role in the legislative process.

Why is it important to have an indirectly elected upper house in a democracy? Examine?

Indian parliamentary system adapted bicameral model from British legacy and also as a global practice democratic setup. India needs indirect elected upper house because-

Uphold the federal ethos– upper house represents states’ will in parliament and stand as states voice sometime against union as in case of GST; it is the torch bearer for federal values in parliament.

Enrich parliamentary process– upper house provides many insight which enrich the legislative process of parliament as in recent pass retail regulatory bill where it suggested many valuable reforms through standing committees.

Entry gate for intellectuals– upper house represent many intellectuals who may not come otherwise in parliamentary process though lower house, their insights, knowledge, and guidance help policy makers.

Contribution for executives– upper house also contribute for executives also as former PM belonged to upper house and at present many key ministers like finance minister, defense minister, and railway minister belong to upper house.

Check against executive arbitrary actions– many bills which are not suited to Indian need but get pass from lower house, faced rejection in upper house as against arbitrary action of executive like in recent land acquisition bill.

As pressure group– on many national importance issues like recent Dalit, SC, ST issue, and other state related issues, upper house work as pressure group to force government to rethink their action plan and policies.

In recent time upper house portrait as major hindrance against reform polices because of poor communication, debate, and individual egos. That needs to avoid for maintaining the sanity of upper house and make it valuable for Indian federal system.

What importance does Germany hold for India in terms of India’s economic, strategic and security imperatives? Also discuss the role that Germany can play in the expansion of India’s renewable energy share in the total energy mix.

India and Germany built relation immediately after Second World War, and today in spite of certain challenges with EU, India and Germany able to maintain bilateral relations in important dimensions-

Economic relations– Germany is India’s largest trade partner in Europe and bilateral trade has cross 15 billion dollars. Major area of economic cooperation is promoting Make in India, IT sector, renewable energy, cleaning of rivers, developing inland waterways, urban development projects and so on. Also German is 7th largest direct investor in India.

Strategic relation- German support is very crucial in UNSC membership for India. Also India need Germany support for developing defense sector, mobilizing international support against terrorism, cyber security support, cooperation in Science and technology, and get European Union support on various strategic forums as Germany is major power in EU.

Security relations– India as largest importers of defense equipment needs German sophisticated technology on this regard. Also on diplomatic forum to isolate Pakistan, German support will be important. To maintain peace in Middle East which is crucial for Indian security, German active role as in Iran negotiation, will serve Indian purpose.

In terms of renewable energy, Germany has most advanced technology so it can help India to achieve ambitious 40% target to convert from conventional energy to renewable energy and 175 GB target by following means-

  • Help to built IT smart renewable energy system as in Germany
  • Make technology easy accessible to Indian customers.
  • Support for Make in India and develop solar equipment in India.
  • Soft loan support for Indian government to development its capacity.

In coming day more people to people contact and business relation will help to boost the bilateral relation at next level.

 

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